About MudgalMudgal is a historically famous town located in the Lingsugur taluk of the southern Indian state of Karnataka. Basically a panchayat town, Mudgal is famous as a tourist attraction in South India primarily because of the presence of Mudgal Fort which was built during the medieval history period of India.
Facts at a GlanceLocation – Raichur district, Karnataka, India
Geographical coordinates – 16.02 degrees North, 76.43 degrees East
Population - 19,117
History of Mudgal
The story of Mudgal as an important centre of human civilization in ancient India can be traced as far back as the Neolithic era, or the New Stone Age. Historical evidence unearthed by archaeologists suggests that the town has been named after the mythical figure who is considered to have been the teacher of Lord Ganesha, in Hindu mythology. The Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri are said to have left a lasting impact on the town, which is testified by the numerous inscriptions, mentioning the Yadavas, found here.
According to historical facts and findings, the medieval history of Mudgal is marked by the town being an important destination for education in the 11th century AD, when students and scholars from various parts of the country used to come here. The town got associated with the Kakatiya Kingdom in the 14th century AD, following Malik Naik’s conquest of Devagiri and Raichur. In the following years, when the influence of the Kakatiya Kingdom gradually declined and the golden era of the Bahamani Kingdom flourished, Mudgal came under the occupation of the kings from Bijapur who had laid claim on certain parts of the Bahamani Kingdom.
A couple of centuries later, the town underwent a change of heads once again and was this time brought under the famous Vijayanagar Empire, and gained importance during the illustrious rule of Krishna Deva Raya. However, in the course of the numerous battles which were fought between the Bahamani and Vijaynagar rulers, the town of Mudgal underwent frequent changes in administration, most of which have not been accurately recorded by historians.
Tourist attractions of Mudgal
This is one of the foremost places of historical importance in South India, having being the key to defence of the town for most of the ancient and medieval kingdoms which flourished here. The Fort, with its entrance known as Fateh Darwaza, was built to act as the frontier of defence for the town, especially in light of the fact that South India, in those days, was witnessing a period of tumult on account of the hostility between the various ruling kingdoms.
Beside the beautiful amalgamation of Hindu and Muslim type architecture which is discernible from a single look at the Mudgal Fort, it also testifies the superior skills of the masons and builders of those days. A tourist who attempts to explore the insides of the Fort on his own is likely to face a difficult task, for a complicated network of passages arched openings constitute the marked feature of its interiors. The most prominent feature that one is likely to discover here is the strategic locations of the gunpowder magazines and stores, which were of supreme importance for its defence. Besides, there are a number of guards’ rooms inside the Fort, and a number of bastions which bear Kannada inscriptions on them.
This temple, located in the vicinity of Mudgal, was built in the 12th century AD by a Chalukyan Army Commander named Mahadeva, and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Considered by many historians to be a high water mark in the cultural developments in south India during the Chalukya reign, the Mahadeva Temple is an example of exquisite architecture and sculptures, which testify to the healthy interest that the Chalukyan emperors took in the field of art. The Archaeological Survey of India has accorded this temple the status of a national monument, to ensure better management.
Art and culture
Mudgal is a seat of Indian classical music and is famous for being home to the evolution and development of Hindustani and Carnatic styles. Besides, a number of other popular local genres of music have also evolved in the contemporary era. The typical dress worn by people of this region includes saree, dhoti, shirt, salwar kameez etc. Besides, the traditional headgear of certain parts of the state – Mysore Peta – is also found here. There are no clear demarcations for religions flourishing here, and in keeping with the ancient traditions, communal harmony and religious harmony is a distinct feature of the town.
Food and cuisine
Besides Rice, Sorghum and Ragi, a number of other food items are in vogue here. Jolada Rotti and Benne Dose are typical to this part of the state, and so are sweets like Amingad and Dhadwad pedha. The eclectic range of food and cuisine available in Mudgal has mesmerized many a tourist over the years!
How to reach MudgalBy Air
The nearest airport is located in the city of Hyderabad. Tourists can reach the town using private taxis or buses after reaching the airport.
Neighbouring cities like Hubli, Hyderabad and Bangalore are connected via national highways and state highways. One can avail private transport in the form of taxis and cars or resort to bus services to travel to and from Mudgal. Besides a number of private bus transport service providers, the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, which is the flagship transport organization of the state government operates buses between Mudgal and the neighbouring regions.
The nearest railway station is at Raichur, which is connected to most of the important Indian cities via long distance and short distance trains.
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